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Assessment Development Support

This page supports the development of assessments by providing research, training and resources to assist teachers and teacher teams to develop classroom formative, summative and performance assessments.
The content on this page is intended to support the implementation of Student Growth measures as a component of teacher evaluations as well as the successful transition to Ohio’s revised content standards and the implementation of the Common Core.

Ashtabula County Assessment Development: Middle School – Google Groups Sign In PageClick Here

Google Groups for Assessment Workshop Handout

Learn about assessment by reviewing the classroom assessment web page developed by the Pinellas School District and the Florida Center for Instructional Technology at USF.

Classroom Assessment Course 

This course is divided into 2 parts, each containing 3 lessons.  Part I focuses on basic concepts and common assessments such as multiple choice and essay questions. Part II includes performance assessment, classroom interactions, and attitude surveys. Throughout the lessons, resources and techniques for integrating technology are included.

Introduction– click here


Basic Concepts

A. Formative vs. Summative Assessments
Differentiate between formative and summative assessments.

B. Classroom and Writing Objectives
Outline target areas and related assessments.

C. Reliability and Validity
List strategies to ensure that an assessment is valid and reliable.

Selected Response

A. Bloom’s Taxonomy
Correlate objectives and assessment items to Bloom’s Taxonomy.

B. Writing Selected Response Assessment Items
Write selected response assessment items that adhere to established guidelines.

C. Item Analysis
Conduct an item analysis; indicating the difficulty index and discrimination index of items.

Constructed Response

A. Fill-in-the-Blank Items
Write effective short answer (fill-in-the-blank) assessment items.

B. Essay Questions
Write appropriate essay questions — both short and extended response.

C. Scoring Options
Outline scoring techniques for constructed response assessments.
Create a quiz using an online program.


Performance Assessments

A. Defining Performance Targets and Tasks
Recognize appropriate targets for performance assessment.

B. Creating a Rubric
Differentiate among the appropriate use of checklists, holistic scales, and ranking scales for rubrics.
Create a rubric using an online rubric-maker.

C. Building Student Portfolios
Describe the contents, purpose, and potential formats of student portfolios.

 Classroom Interactions

A. Questioning Strategies
Outline guidelines for classroom interactions that focus on questioning.

B. Observations and Note Taking
List techniques for classroom observations and anecdotal note-taking.

C. Conferences and Discussions
List advantages and techniques for informal and formal classroom discussions and conferences.

Attitude Surveys


A. Defining Targets for Attitude Performance
Define appropriate classroom targets for attitude assessments.

B. Creating a Survey
Differentiate among open-ended, multiple choice, and ranking surveys.
Construct a classroom survey.

C. Displaying Survey Results
Create graphs and tables to effectively convey survey results.

Assessment Articles / Support Materials

Learning About Assessment, Learning Through Assessment - NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS — Researcher Richard Stiggins and colleagues at the Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory estimate that teachers spend a quarter to a third of their time in efforts to assess students—and their research also shows that on average teachers receive very little support, in preservice or inservice training, in assessment…………. read more

The fundamentals of effective assessment: Twelve principles
Moving Beyond KWL Charts To Assess Prior Knowledge
How To Create A Rubric That Does What You Want It To  02/25/2013, Grant Wiggins
Assessment – Enhancing EducationCarnegie Mellon University
Assessing Teaching and Learning  Intended Outcome for This Module  / As a result of this learning experience, you should be able to create assessments that focus on intended outcomes and your own teaching.

Measuring Student Growth Articles and Support Materials

ODE: Student Growth Measures / SLO’s

Student growth measures (SGMs) are a method for determining how much academic progress students are making by measuring growth between two points in time. In essence, any assessment available to educators will be considered a student growth measure when used to evaluate progress or growth, provided the assessment is rigorous and comparable across classrooms.

Measuring student growth: At a glance
Measuring student growth: A guide to informed decision making
Guidance for Developing and Selecting Assessments of Student Growth for Use in Teacher Evaluation Systems (Extended Version) Joan L. Herman, Margaret Heritage, and Pete Goldschmid
Assessment Guru Grant Wiggins on Measuring Student Progress
Student Assessment: Measuring Progress Toward Your Goals 
Battelle for Kids – Selecting Student Growth measures 
Various state responses to Student Growth

Next Generation of Assessments

Next Generation Assessments.  
To successfully complete these assessments, students will need to be able to perform many technology tasks including:

Click / tap Select object Use text highlighter
Scroll Select text Use calculator
Plot points Select area Use protractor
Drag and drop Select and drag / slide Use ruler
Type with text editor Unselect
Use video player

The Assessments Next Generation website collects and shares free online resources that can be used to help students develop familiarity and proficiency with the technology skills they will need for next generation assessments.  CLICK HERE TO GO TO THE WEBSITE


Ohio Takes Step Toward New Era of Student Assessments by Joining National Partnership

Ohio took a major step toward creating the next generation of student assessment tests that better reflect the kind of world students will inherit when they graduate. These tests will serve as a better barometer of how well students are prepared to go to college or to get and keep good jobs by joining the Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC). READ MORE

Partnership for the Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) Partnership for 21st Century Skills & the Framework for 21st Century Learning

Assessment Writing Resources / Sources for Questions and Test Items

Instructional Management System

Ohio Resource Center

D3A2 Data Driven Decisions Ohio

INFOhio –  LearningExpress Library. More than 100 programs to learn, practice and prepare for tests on a variety of subjects in elementary, middle and high school.

This Web site serves as a starting point for tools that can help in understanding Ohio’s statewide assessments for the Ohio Achievement Tests (OAT) and for the Ohio Graduation Tests (OGT). Site also includes the Educator’s Workroom. Access electronic reports here This site is a password-protected site. Please contact your building Principal for password information.)

Explore NAEP Questions

Program forInternational Student Assessment (PISA) – Released Questions

 ACT Practice Questions

SAT Practice Questions

TIMMS Released Questions

Released test questions from the California Standards Tests

Released Test Materials for Ohio’s Grade 3-8 Achievement Assessments

Texas  Released Test Questions

Delaware Dept. of Education

Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System – Released Questions

New York State Office of Assessment

Smarter Balanced Assessments

Virginia Released Test items

Florida Released Questions

California Released Questions


Value Added Information with link to your password-protected EVAAS data site.
Battelle For Kids
Battelle Education Page

Including a Link to Value Added Reports
From Ohio Department of Education

Formative instructional practices (FIP) is a process in which teachers use tools, strategies, and resources to determine what students know, identify possible gaps in understanding, actively engage students in their learning and assessments, and modify instruction to accelerate student growth. Research shows that using FIP can dramatically enhance student achievement.   More Information click here


Battelle For Kids’ K - 12 Family Guides suggest simple ways parents and families can help their children develop the knowledge and skills they are expected to learn at each grade level.
Reading and Writing Guide
Math Guide
Science Guide
Social Studies Guide
Understanding Ohio’s Testing System

The National Center for Fair & Open Testing (FairTest) works to end the misuses and flaws of standardized testing and to ensure that evaluation of students, teachers and schools is fair, open, valid and educationally beneficial.